Nationalism and Competing Identities in Southeast Asia

Module Summary

This module looks at the rise of nationalism as a response to colonial rule beginning in the age of High Imperialism (1870-1914) and concluding in the 1930s when relations between Japan and nationalist groups in Southeast Asia began in earnest. This PowerPoint lecture covers the whole of Southeast Asia region, covering each of the colonized countries and, also, the rise of nationalism in non-colonized Thailand (then Siam). The effect of class identity, communist ideology, and ethnic minority community are discussed for the various Southeast Asian countries.

This module is based on the presentation by Leonard Andaya (Professor of History, University of Hawaii at Manoa) for the East-West Center’s 2011 National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Summer Institute for Teachers.

Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this module do not necessarily reflect those of the National Endowment for the Humanities or the East-West Center.

Teaching Materials

PowerPoint lecture, “Nationalism and Competing Identities in Southeast Asia”

Key topics include: Batavia/Jakarta, Buddhism (Theravada), Buddhist kingdoms, capitalism, Chinese minorities, Christianity, communism, decolonization, democracy, ethnic minorities, European powers,fascism, First Indochina War, French Indochina, identity: regional and local, imperialism / colonialism, independence movements, minority identities in Southeast Asia, Islam in Southeast Asia, Malaya/British Malaya, nationalism, revolution, Spanish rule/American rule, upland/lowland relations, Viet Minh/Viet Cong, warfare and combat, WWII in Southeast Asia.

We welcome comments from teachers on how you have integrated this material into your teaching, including what was useful and what wasn’t, and what additional resources you would like to see in or recommend for this module.